NOMASKERS.ORG

It's Almost Impossible to Get COVID-19 on an Airplane, New Military Study Suggests


Mask Science 0 Comments 10/16/2020 

- October 15, 2020

[If policy-definers such as the CDC are ambiguous regarding the effectiveness of aerosolized transmission, how does the effectiveness of "dispersing and filtering out the aerosol particles" in aircraft systems prove anything?]

A new military-led study unveiled Thursday shows there is a low risk for passengers traveling aboard large commercial aircraft to contract an airborne virus such as COVID-19 -- and it doesn't matter where they sit on the airplane.

Researchers concluded that because of sophisticated air particle filtration and ventilation systems on board the Boeing 767-300 and 777-200 aircraft -- the planes tested for the study -- airborne particles within the cabin have a very short lifespan, according to defense officials with U.S. Transportation Command, the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency (DARPA) and Air Mobility Command, which spearheaded the study.

"The favorable results are attributable to a combination of the airframes' high air exchange rates, coupled with the high efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filtration recirculation systems, and the downward airflow ventilation design which results in rapid dilution and purging of the disseminated aerosol particles," Vice Adm. Dee L. Mewbourne, deputy commander of U.S. Transportation Command, said during a virtual roundtable with reporters.

DARPA teamed up with biodefense company Zeteo Tech, scientific research company S3i and the University of Nebraska's National Strategic Research Institute (NSRI) for the trials. Industry partners included Boeing and United Airlines.; the study was funded by TRANSCOM, according to Army Lt Col Ellis Gales, spokesman for the command.

"All areas on both aircraft proved to be extremely effective in dispersing and filtering out the aerosol particles," said Navy Lt. Cmdr. Joseph Pope, TRANSCOM Operations directorate liaison for the airflow particle test. "So specifically, can I tell you to sit in seat XYZ? No; they all performed very well."

During the tests, held Aug. 24-31, analysts released two types of aerosols that had specific DNA signatures. The tagged fluorescent tracers allowed for researchers to better follow their distribution path, both in flight and on the ground.

Sensors throughout the aircraft measured over 300 iterations of aerosol releases -- at rates of 2 to 4 minutes -- across four cabin zones on the 777, and three zones on the 767, Mewboourne explained. The dispersions were mapped in real-time, he said.

The particles were quickly diluted, however, and only remained detectable for fewer than six minutes on average, TRANSCOM said in the report. By comparison "a typical American home takes around 90 minutes to clear these types of particles from the air," the command said.

While the more time spent on an aircraft correlates to a potential infection rate, according to the study, even passengers on long-haul flights wouldn't be able to pick up a sufficient viral load under the test conditions. Passengers traveling on board the 777 would need to spend at least "54 hours when sitting next to an index patient in the economy section," and more than 100 hours in the other cabins of both the 777 and the 767 to be exposed to an infectious dose, the study said.

Mannequins representing passengers were positioned throughout the aircraft, some wearing masks and some without. David Silcott of S3i and one of the authors of the report said the dispersed mannequins were part of both breathing and cough tests.

During the simulated cough tests, masked mannequins showed a "very, very large reduction in aerosol that would come out of [them], greater than 95% for most cases," Silcott said. "It definitely showed the benefit of wearing a mask inflight from these tests."

Pope said it is important to consider that the study was specific to aerosols and not ballistic droplets, those that are emitted while coughing, sneezing or breathing heavily.

That said, "the mask is very important in that the larger droplets that travel ballistically through the air will be caught by your mask," Pope said. "And if you don't have the mask on, then you cannot reduce those numbers of ballistic particles."

Scientists also collected samples from surfaces like armrests and video screens, considered "high-touch" zones; the tests showed that while the distribution on surfaces was minimal, flat surface areas -- like armrests -- are more likely than vertical surface areas like seatbacks or screens to collect deposits of particles.

There are other caveats: The scientists didn't try to simulate passengers freely moving about the cabin, moving around to switch locations or turning toward one another to have a conversation.

"While ... we're very encouraged by the results, that's part of the reason why we're making the results public, and sharing them with the scientific community so that that follow-on research can be done," Pope said.

The study next heads into a peer review before its findings can be submitted for a scientific journal. TRANSCOM is examining the results, which could spur new travel policies or proposals, Pope said.

Following the onset of the coronavirus pandemic in March, TRANSCOM identified an immediate need to move passengers in a safe manner, including high-risk patients as well as military members and families traveling aboard the Defense Department-contracted Patriot Express flights. The two Boeing aircraft used for the aerosol simulations are the aircraft most typically used for Patriot Express flights.

The officials stressed service members should still follow current Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines and airline protocols when boarding a flight.


  

Association of American Physicians and Surgeons

Definitive study establishes conclusively not only that masks don't work, but WHY.
Category: Published Studies: Masks are INEFFECTIVE
curated by Marilyn M. Singleton, M.D., J.D. – http://marilynsingletonmdjd.com/Updated September 26, 2020IntroductionCOVID-19 is as politically-charged as it is infectious. Early in the COVID-19 pandemic, the WHO, the CDC and NIH’s Dr. Anthony Fauci discouraged wearing masks as not useful for non-health care workers. Now they recommend wearing cloth face coverings in public setting...  READ MORE
- Fielden Nolan (nolanf),  10/18/2020 
   - October 06, 2020[Open the link above to to view the charts which reveal there is no correlation (or "clear science") behind the use of masks and rates of "infection".] Excerpt:In case it isn’t obvious, these charts fail to show any correlation between mask mandates (which presumably increase the wearing of masks) and reductions in COVID-19 infections. If you l...  READ MORE
- Fielden Nolan (nolanf),  10/07/2020 
   From: https://www.gpadacenter.org/faqs-ada-small-business-and-face-mask-policies- July 10, 2020The ADA and Small Business: Frequently Asked Questions About Face Mask Policies and Serving Customers with Disabilities.The Great Plains ADA Center has received many questions regarding face mask policies and the ADA from the business community. We have collected a summary of these questions and our...  READ MORE
- Fielden Nolan (nolanf),  10/02/2020 
   [Dr. Ted Noel, MD: These studies reaveal the CDC has  "found no evidence that masks had any effect on transmission of airborne diseases, in particular H1N1 flu, which is spread the same way that SARS-CoV-2 is spread. Even when they lumped the fourteen studies together in a 'meta-analysis,' they still struck out." (source)]Volume 26, Number 5—May 2020Policy ReviewN...  READ MORE
- Fielden Nolan (nolanf),  09/29/2020 
   From: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/coronavirus/in-depth/coronavirus-mask/art-20485449[Note: this is not a study.  There are no references to any studies. This undated article, often referenced as proof that masks are effective, does not state that cloth masks are effective against the spread of the Coronovirus at all.  It contains obvious contradictions with c...  READ MORE
- Fielden Nolan (nolanf),  09/29/2020 
   From: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prevent-getting-sick/cloth-face-cover-guidance.html#recent-studiesUpdated July 7, 2020The following are the references provided by the CDC as "Evidence for Effectiveness of Masks" (source)  Each one of these studies are not actually studies using the scientific method, but are instead mathematical or simulated representations of t...  READ MORE
- Fielden Nolan (nolanf),  09/01/2020 
   From: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prevent-getting-sick/cloth-face-cover-guidance.html- August. 7, 2020CDC recommends that people wear masks in public settings and when around people who don’t live in your household, especially when other social distancing measures are difficult to maintain.Masks may help prevent people who have COVID-19 from spreading the vi...  READ MORE
- Fielden Nolan (nolanf),  09/01/2020 
   - August 13, 2020From https://www.acpjournals.org/doi/10.7326/M20-2671Background:Risk for transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) to close contacts of infected persons has not been well estimated.Objective:To evaluate the risk for transmission of SARS-CoV-2 to close contacts in different settings.Design:Prospective cohort study.Setting:Close contacts of pe...  READ MORE
- Fielden Nolan (nolanf),  08/20/2020 
   For the PDF version of this report, click here.Executive summary: In the first few months of the pandemic, there was scientific uncertainty about the usefulness of public masking. Conflicting guidance was given by several official sources1–4.There is now convincing evidence from multiple controlled experiments5–7 and field observations8–14 that wearing masks r...  READ MORE
- Fielden Nolan (nolanf),  08/20/2020 
   Download attachment below.This document provides a high-level summary of CDC ' s sequential steps for increasing COVID - 19 surveillance in the U .S ., building on existing influenza and other surveillance systems. The total estimated funding level is $ 100million for year one , of which $ 50million should be available to CDC immediately and the remainder should bemade available within two mon...  READ MORE
- Fielden Nolan (nolanf),  08/15/2020 

VIEW News Item

FL: Anthony Sabatini files 8 lawsuits over mandatory mask mandates

"It’s overkill, and it’s not the role of government."
VIEW News Item

UK: Thousands of COVID-19 deaths 'will be wiped off the official toll'

Counted victims if they died from any cause months later after beating disease
VIEW News Item

Model Bella Hadid gives the NYPD the middle finger

Calls out police officers for not wearing masks
VIEW News Item

THE CULT OF THE BRAVE NEW NORMAL

Subjects are becoming "becoming alienated from themselves"
VIEW News Item

GA: Police departments report zero citations for face mask violations

"the requirements to wear a mask...is largely symbolic"
VIEW News Item

Dozens gather to protest Maine’s mask mandate

“I’m going to do whatever it takes and so are all of us to force this issue..."

VIEW Blog Item

A Message to Maskers

Do you believe nomaskers are a threat? If so, read on...

We appreciate your donations to NOMASKERS.ORG, because without them this site would not be possible. You do not need a PayPal account in order to donate with your credit card. Just click on the Donate button below. You will be prompted for the amount you wish to contribute.